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The Truth... What is it?






The Books of the Bible

The Bible consists of 66 books divided into the Old Testament (testament = covenant) and the New Testament. This scripture...this Word of God (not the "words" of God...is the record of some of God's activity in this world (from the very beginning, and...prophetically...until right now). In it He reveals Himself and His ways [check out attributes of god]. These books of Scripture are not primarily about people and their relationship with God; rather, they are about the activity of God and His relationship with people. The focus is to be on God and His activity. It is hard to know for sure when the various books were first put into writing. We worship the God of this Book...not this book!

         

  The Old Testament has 39 books, as follows:

 Book

 Type of book

 When devised?

 By whom?

 Meaning and significance

 NOTES:

Genesis

Torah (Hebrew, "The Law", "the teachings")
(one of the Pentateuch, "the 5 scrolls")

1446-1406BC

Moses

Hebrew, "in beginning"; Greek, "origins, beginnings"

 

 

  1. creation
  2. the fall
  3. generations fill the earth
  4. the Flood
  5. Abrahamic covenant
    [Gen. 15, 17]
  6. famine and flight to Egypt and subsequent enslavement.




 Exodus

 Torah (Hebrew, "The Law", "the teachings") (one of the Pentateuch, "the 5 scrolls")

 1440-1406BC

 Moses

 Hebrew, "these are the names"; Greek, "departure"

  1. [Ex.1:1-19:2] the showdown of miracles between Moses and Pharaoh;
    deliverance from Egypt &

    the parting of the Red Sea
  2. Ex.19:3-24:18] making the Mosaic covenant

 Leviticus

 Torah (Hebrew, "The Law", "the teachings") (one of the Pentateuch, "the 5 scrolls")

 1440-1406BC

 Moses

 in Hebrew, "and He calls"

establishing the priesthood,
levitical laws, and rules

 Numbers

Torah (Hebrew, "The Law", "the teachings")
(one of the Pentateuch, "the 5 scrolls")

1440-1406BC 

Moses 

in Hebrew, "in the wilderness"

Israelite rebellions and battles while wandering in the wilderness, fed by God and guided by the pillow of fire.

Deuteronomy 

Torah (Hebrew, "The Law", "the teachings")
(one of the Pentateuch, "the 5 scrolls")

1406-1400BC 

Moses

in Hebrew, "and these are the words"; The 1st Law, second edition  

Moses addresses the people on the plains of Moab; the "I've got a dream" speech;
the book concludes with the death of Moses

Joshua

HISTORICAL
(Hebrew: prophetic)
 

1390BC 

 ?

keep the memories alive
principle of "go the 2nd mile"

  1. the entry into "The Promised land"
    conquest of Canaan 1400-1200 BC
  2. the crossing of a flood-stage Jordan River.

Judges

 HISTORICAL
(Hebrew: prophetic)

1050-1000BC 

 ? Samuel

  1. "judges" [12 of them] were
    military leaders or deliverers
  2. the story of God's people being lead into covenant breaking 
  1.  the people define "do's" and "don'ts" in their own way
  2. reveals the recurring cycle of rebellion, followed by oppression, followed by repentance, followed by deliverance. In those times of danger, a "judge" would come onto the scene led by "the Spirit of the Lord".

 Ruth

HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 1000BC

 ?

 ?

How does a good woman help her man to play "the man"?

 I Samuel

 HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 925BC

 ?

 ?

 ?

 II Samuel

 HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 925BC

 ?

 ?

 ?

 I Kings

 HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 560-550BC

 ?

 ?

 ?

 II Kings

 HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 560-550BC

 ?

 ?

Elijah & Elisha were the first pure prophets

 I Chronicles

HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 450-400BC

 ? Ezra

 ?

 God appoints Solomon to build the 1st Temple & it's completed about 964BC & died 931BC

 II Chronicles

HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 450-400BC

 ? Ezra

 ?

 ?

Ezra

HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 440BC

 Ezra

 ?

 ?

 Nehemiah

HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 430BC

 Nehemiah

?

 ?

 Esther

HISTORICAL
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 460-350BC

 ?

 ?

 ?

 Job

Poetry & wisdom
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

  1. before time of Moses
    by Jewish tradition
  2. maybe as late as the time of Esther
     

 ?

 ?

 ?

 Psalms

Poetry & wisdom song-like
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 1400-400BC

 

King David
and
others

 ?

 ?

 Proverbs

Poetry & wisdom
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 970-700BC

King Solomon
and
others

 ?

 ?

Ecclesiastes
(Qoheleth)

Poetry & wisdom
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 950BC

 King Solomon to whom God granted the wish to be the wisest human in all of human history

 ?

 ?

 Song of Solomon
(Song of Songs)

 Poetry & wisdom
"writings" in Hebrew Bible

 

 

?

?

Isaiah

 major Prophet
(lengthy book)

 

 

 

About 930BC, Israel split in two (Israel in north & Judah in south)

 Jeremiah

 major Prophet
(lengthy book)

 

 

 

 

 Lamentations (of Jeremiah)

 major Prophet
(lengthy book)

 

 

 

 

 Ezekiel

 major Prophet
(lengthy book)

 

 

 

 

 Daniel

 major Prophet
(lengthy book)

       

 Hosea

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

 

Joel

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

 Amos

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

an angry prophet

 

 Obadiah

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

Jonah 

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

       

 Micah

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

 Nahum

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

 Habakkuk

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

 Zephaniah

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

 Haggai

minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)
 

       

 Zechariah

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

 

 

 

 

 Malachi

 minor prophet
(all 12 minors fit on the same one scroll)

      Was completed about 400BC

 

The New Testament is of the times of Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, and begins about 400 years after the Old Testament. This 400 year interval..."intertestamental period"...is the especially turbulent time of occupations of Israel, etc., which sets the stage for the time of the Messiah.

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  • It has 27 books, as follows:


     

     BOOK

     Type of Book

     When written?

    By Whom? 

     Meaning/significance

    NOTES:

     Matthew

     one of the "synoptic" gospels

     70-80AD

    the Apostle, Matthew, a Jew
    (had been a hated tax collector named Levi)

     the Gospel to the Jews

     based on eyewitness material

     Mark

     one of the "synoptic" gospels

     50-70AD

     the Apostle, Mark, a Jew

     the Gospel to the Romans (he later founded the church in Africa/Egypt)

     based on eyewitness material as Mark was a disciple and companion/recorder of Peter

     Luke

     one of the "synoptic" gospels

     59-63AD

     ┬áthe Apostle, Luke, a Greek gentile

     the Gospel to the Greeks

     based on eyewitness material as Luke was an historian and companion/follower of Paul

     John

     

     one of the "synoptic" gospels

    80-95AD 

     a Jew, the apostle, son of Zebedee

     the Gospel to the gentiles in general (he was the only one who witnessed the crucifiction

    1. one of Jesus' inner circle of three
      John, Peter, James
    2. based on eyewitness material
       

     Acts

     history

    (the "acts" of the Holy Spirit through the Apostles)

    Luke

     History of the first century church

    based on eyewitness material & communications with close apostles & disciples, as Luke was an historian and companion/follower of Paul: the story of the unleashing of the unstoppable Gospel of Jesus, the Christ (Messiah)

    Romans

    The letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Rome

     

     

     

     

     I Corinthians

    The first letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Corinth

     

     

     

    II Corinthians

    The second letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Corinth

     

     

     

    Galatians

    The letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Galatia

     

     

     

     

     Ephesians

    The letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Ephesis 

     

     

     

     

    Philippians

    The letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Philippi 

     

     

     

     

    Colossians

     The letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Colossi

     

     

     

     

     I Thessalonians

    The first letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Thessalonica

     

     

     

     

     II Thessalonians

    The second letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to the believers in Thessalonica

     

     

     

     1 Timothy

    The first letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to Timothy

     

     

     

     

    2 Timothy

    The 2nd letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to Timothy

     

     

     

     

     Titus

    letter (epistle) by Paul to the Apostle, Titus, on Isle of Crete

     

     

     

     

     Philemon

    letter (epistle) by Paul the Apostle to Philemon at Gaza

     

     

     

     

     Hebrews

    a letter (epistle by ?) to the Jewish Christians in Jerusalem

     

     

     

     

     James

    letter (epistle) by James (brother of Jesus) to Jewish Christians who'd fled Palestine

     

     

     

     

     I Peter

    letter (epistle) #1 by the Apostle Peter to the churches in Asia Minor

     

     

     

     

     2 Peter

    letter (epistle) #2 by the Apostle Peter to the churches in Asia Minor

     

     

     

     

     1 John

    letter #1 (epistle) by the Apostl,e John, to the believers

     

     

     

     

     2 John

    letter #2 (epistle) by the Apostle, John, to the believers

     

     

     

     

     3 John

    letter #3 (epistle) by the Apostle, John, to the believers

     

     

     

     

    Jude 

    letter (epistle) by the Apostle, Jude, to the believers

     

     

     

     

    Revelation
    [here]

     the letter (epistle) of Jesus (delivered by an angel) to the Christian church (through the Apostle, John) as an apocalyptic style of writing

     90-96AD

     an epistle of Jesus delivered by an angel and written down by John, the apostle

     

    A message to the frightened, persecuted, Christian Church telling them that Jesus has overcome and that Satan has been defeated

    1. Jesus came the first time as the suffering servant clarifying the word of God.
    2. His second coming will be as the conquering ruler.
    3. In spite of wave after wave of judgment horrors, most humans left behind (the believers...dead & alive...will have been already taken up to be with Jesus) will fail to believe and will curse and blaspheme God.

     check out the Highest TRUTH

    (posted about 2000; latest addition 7 May 2017)